Tag Archive | Competition

Earthworms and Sugar Maple Saplings

Earthworms and Sugar Maple Saplings

Who would have thought that something so small would have such an impact on ecosystems? Lumbricus terrestris – the common earthworm – may not be as friendly as one might think. This species plays a major role in most ecosystems; in gardens and agricultural lands they are typically beneficial, but are they harming the iconic […]

Invasive Earthworms Posing Possible Threat to Yellow Birch Tree Population

Invasive Earthworms Posing Possible Threat to Yellow Birch Tree Population

The decline in tree populations around the world has become an alarming issue, as they play an important role in ecosystems, as well as in the economy. In the Saint Lawrence Lowlands, Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis), a uniquely golden yellow barked tree with a wintergreen essence, is an especially interesting species. Commercially, the yellow birch […]

Hay Scented Fern and its Effect on Sugar Maple Trees in the Morgan Arboretum

Hay Scented Fern and its Effect on Sugar Maple Trees in the Morgan Arboretum

Overview: Hay-scented fern (Dennstaedtia punctilobula) is an invasive, rhizomatous, perennial fern native to North America (Hippensteel and Bowersox, 1995). This species grows in many different conditions and spreads itself by dispersing its spores with the help of wind. This perennial fern is about 1-3’ tall, with deciduous leaves that are erect to ascending. It is […]

Intraspecific Competition within the Sugar Maple Species, Acer Saccharum, through the Assessment of Population Density and Size

Intraspecific Competition within the Sugar Maple Species, Acer Saccharum, through the Assessment of Population Density and Size

There are approximately 150 species of maple trees located within the Northern Hemisphere, with 10 of them native to North America (NRCAN-2015). One of the most commonly grown species of maple is the Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum). Sugar maple is a keystone species, meaning it is a significant ecological element of Northern hardwood forests, like […]